Bioethics journal

Peer-review semiannualy academic journal.







The need for such a publication as the "Bioethics journal" was realized at the beginning of the XXI century in connection with the following events:

  1. Adoption of the International Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. Russia endorsed the Convention, but did not accede to it due to the lack of the ethical and legal framework in this area. It was necessary to create it.
  2. International contacts of researchers in the field of natural sciences and, above all, medicine, could not be carried out without sanctions from ethical committees. They have already begun to be created in Russia, but it was necessary to seriously improve the qualification of their members. Educational programs and a platform for the exchange of experience were needed.
  3. Since 2001, Bioethics has become an obligatory academic discipline in medical universities in Russia. There was no system for retraining and / or enhancing the staff of bioethics teachers in the country. It was necessary to develop a teaching and methodological base for them.
  4. The introduction of new biotechnologies into the practice, first of all, medical ones, required research on the social risks associated with them. Ethical filters for the implementation of human enhancement technologies, the prediction of the negative effects of neurobiological constructs, editing the human genome, ART, the convergence of living and nonliving, regenerative medicine, etc.

All this has become an urgent task, which only bioethics could solve.

Types of accepted articles

  • reviews
  • systematic reviews and metaanalyses
  • original research
  • letters to the editor
  • short communications


  • in English and Russian
  • semiannualy, 2 regular issues per year
  • continuously in Online First
  • with NO Article Processing Charges (APC) for all authors
  • distribution in Open Access,
    under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


  • Russian Science Citation Index
  • Google Scholar
  • Ulrich's Periodicals directory
  • WorldCat
  • Crossref


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Current Issue

Vol 16, No 1 (2023)


Humanitarian expertise in medical education
Sedova N.N.

The current situation in higher medical education is characterized by a high degree of uncertainty. This is expressed in the trend of permanent revision of the educational load. So, in the late 90s, the subordination was abolished, most recently the higher medical school lost its internship, and now all the subjects studied are divided into core and non-core, and the latter are undergoing constant reductions in teaching hours. The humanities are especially affected, including the basis of the foundations of medical activity – bioethics. It seems that students are given professional knowledge, but they are not shown how to apply it, guided by the principles of humanism. In this regard, it is necessary to turn to the latest state documents that determine the direction of the moral training of young professionals and, above all, future doctors. Their analysis shows that the state is interested not only in training top-notch specialists, but in professionals morally oriented towards kindness, compassion and understanding.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):3-5
pages 3-5 views

Theoretical bioethics

Existential therapy of the Sumerian-Akkadian civilization: what the ancestral experience teaches
Ivanov K.V.

Therapy of existential distress of incurable patients is no less important task of palliative medicine than, in fact, relief of physical pain. At the same time, the unreliability of the means used in this field, noted by experts, forces us to pay attention to their alternative in the form of psychedelics-entheogens, whose therapeutic potential, judging by the content of world mythology, was well known to our distant ancestors. The research of this storehouse of information about the historical experience of mankind could explain a lot about the "historical amnesia" of society in relation to these substances, and perhaps change something in the current campaign for the benefit of the dying.

Aim: to investigate the reason for the prohibition of the archaic practice of using entheogens and to find out the source of modern thanatophobia on the model of the first high civilization of Sumer and Akkad in human history.

Methods: Analysis of literary sources, the historical method, a systematic approach.

Results: The role of the use of entheogens in the therapy of thanatophobia is determined. The destructive influence on the production sphere of the archaic tradition of free access to these substances within the cult, which threatened the very existence of civilization, is proved.

Conclusion: The proposed brief analysis of the well-known plot of Mesopotamian mythology "The Flight of Etana" allows us to see in it literary and artistic evidence of the effectiveness of the archaic tradition of using entheogens as a means of thanatophobia therapy. At the same time, the contradictory nature of the influence of this practice on the spiritual, psychological and socio-economic foundations of the Sumerian-Akkadian civilization is revealed, the reason for the objective-historical ban on the use of entheogens is explained, with an illustration of the existential consequences of this event for the population of the Mesopotamia.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):6-11
pages 6-11 views
Early Hellenic Anticipations of Logocentrism and Homocentrism
Kaluderovic Z., Kaluderovic-Mijartovic Z., Yashic O.

In this article, the intention of the authors is to show that hints of logocentric and homocentric views of the world, as the foundations of the modern civil era, despite the structural obstacles in their concepts, can be found in the works of the first Hellenic thinkers, and particular attention will be paid to the preserved fragments of the Pre-Socratics who are of interest for this research. The authors identified that indications of such approaches may be found in Pythagoreans, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus. Still, the early Greek philosopher who most obviously anticipated the letter homocentric views was Alcmaeon of Croton. His opinion that the man is different from other animals because he alone has understanding, while other animals have sensation but do not understand, represents a sign of the statements of numerous subsequent writers that logos abilities may be allocated only to humans and that the man has ontological primacy in regard to the so-called non-human living beings.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):12-16
pages 12-16 views

Practical bioethics

Methodological problems of moral raising in a medical university
Serova I.A.

The article tells instructive stories that might be useful for discussing the optimal moral choice for both future doctors and their patients. The author consider morality through a system of values that reminds that a part cannot be larger than the whole, respectively, a person as part of a social organism finds a harmonious existence with the whole through moral reflection, personally choosing between benefit and harm, between good and evil.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):17-24
pages 17-24 views
The phenomenon of stigmatization in the postmodern era: a structural analysis
Svetlichnaya T.G., Voronov V.A., Smirnova E.A.

In the era of a religious and philosophical vacuum, the discrediting of ideological concepts and the production of objects of momentary consumption, not only the main universal values are devalued, but also human life itself. Many social processes and interactions are transferred to the Internet space and mass media, which, with the help of stereotypes, myths, can form a negative or positive reaction to a specific event in the mass consciousness.

Human life began to be perceived as a medical problem, a person as a patient, and his body and consciousness as an object of medical control and regulation. Doctors, having assumed the functions of social control, seeking to increase their power resource, on the one hand and professional status, on the other hand, can form a certain ideology in society, leading to a change in the social status of an individual. As a result, medical "labels" are attached to certain patterns of behavior and the restriction of an individual's vital activity, the strengthening of medicalization, the power of experts and the depoliticization of deviations.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):25-38
pages 25-38 views

Applied Bioethics

Rehabilitation of сombatants: еhical and мedical аpproaches
Vorobiev A.A., Donika A.D., Gorelik I.M., Andryushchenko F.A.

Background: The need for early and effective medical rehabilitation of combatants is determined by a number of social, ethical and demographic factors. The ethical context of the rehabilitation of combatants is associated with the mental reflection of participants in local wars, considered on the model of the Afghan and Chechen wars. At the same time, the researchers note that the phenomenon is most fully represented in American and European literature on the example of Vietnam War veterans, known in publications as "trauma and memory studies" and requires the development of similar research practices in domestic science. The purpose of the work is to show the possibilities of medical rehabilitation of NWO combatants using exoprostheses in the context of the ethics of care.

Materials and methods: To demonstrate the medical and social prospects for the rehabilitation of pathology and injuries of the upper limbs, a review of domestic and foreign sources of open databases was carried out. The calculation of the needs for orthotics of the upper limbs was carried out on the model of Tatarstan and the Volgograd region. The research materials of the Federal Center for Support of the Development and Production of Exoprostheses of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education VolgGMU of the Ministry of Health of Russia were used in the work.

Results: Specialists of the Center for Exoprosthetics of the Volg State Medical University developed a passive exoskeleton of the upper limb "EKZAR-34" for habilitation and rehabilitation of patients with symptoms of upper flaccid paresis. The advantages of the development are complemented by affordability, technical feasibility and wide application possibilities. Currently, on the basis of the Center for Exoprostheses of the VolgGMU, participants in combat operations and non-combatants of the Northern Military District are undergoing rehabilitation using the EXAR-34. The need for orthotics, calculated on the model of Tatarstan and the Volgograd region, demonstrates the continuity of rehabilitation of wartime and peacetime, as a general trend in personalized medicine aimed at the needs of a particular patient.

Conclusion: Attention to the problem of rehabilitation should be permanent, reflecting the position of society towards vulnerable groups, based on the ethics of respect and care.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):39-43
pages 39-43 views


A new view on the philosophy of medicine (Review of the textbook by N.N. Sedova "Philosophy of Medicine")
Vigel N.L.

N.N. Sedova's textbook "Philosophy of Medicine", intended for specialty students, as well as for graduate students of medical universities, students of DO, DPO and NMFO, is a relevant original and timely work on the analysis of medical activity from the point of view of the humanitarian context of modern scientific knowledge. Along with successes and achievements, today medical knowledge is unsystematized and fragmented, the main focus is not on the ways and methods of managing the internal reserves of a person, but on the creation of more and more new technological prospects and medicines. In medicine, there is no philosophical basis, the presence of which would be able to represent both the general direction of the development of medical theory and practice, and the interpretation of the innovations achieved, their conceptualization.

Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):44-46
pages 44-46 views
Editorial B.
Bioethics journal. 2023;16(1):47-47
pages 47-47 views

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